New Study: Use of Standing Desks in Workplace Linked to Increased Productivity, Improved Health

A new study evaluating the health and wellness impacts of the use of standing desks in the workplace finds that adjustable workstations are linked to increased worker productivity, improved mental concentration, and improved overall health.

The study, funded by the American Society of Interior Designers Foundation’s (ASIDF) Transform Grant, sought to determine the impact of adjustable workstations on employee health and wellness, perceived stress, and sedentary behavior, and to track the sustainability of the observed behavioral changes over a one-year period. Research was led by Elizabeth Garland, M.D., M.S., associate professor in the Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and a multidisciplinary team of researchers from the Center for Active Design, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, global architecture and design firm Perkins+Will, and Steelcase.

“We are excited to share the results of this study, demonstrating that a simple adjustment to the workplace can effectively improve health behaviors both in the office setting and beyond,” stated Dr. Elizabeth Garland.

Researchers evaluated behavioral changes in office workers who received adjustable workstations that allowed them to shift between standing and sitting, and compared their behavior to that of workers with traditional desks. Half of the participants, randomly selected from one floor of Perkins+Will’s Atlanta office, received Steelcase adjustable workstations, while participants on other floors maintained traditional desks. Polling and questionnaires measured sedentary behavior, perceived stress, and ongoing behavioral changes before installation and at three months, six months, and 12 months.

Compared with participants using traditional desks, participants who received the adjustable workstations reported significantly less sitting three months and six months after installation. After twelve months, 88 percent of participants who received the adjustable workstations reported that they were convenient to use; 65 percent reported increased productivity; and 65 percent indicated that they positively impacted their health outside of the workplace. Participants with adjustable workstations also reported better concentration and would recommend them for their worksite.

“This study found adjustable workstations beneficial in reducing sedentary behavior both in and outside of the workplace. In addition, these behavioral changes were sustained over time and were associated with more energy, less muscle pain, and more awareness of standing posture. When considering totalworker health, employers would be smart to include options for adjustable workstations,” said Dr. Garland.

The full executive summary, including a review of the methodology and implications derived from the research is available on the Resource Center. Additionally, a webinar outlining the findings of the research is available on the ASID Academy.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai led the research; Steelcase provided the adjustable workstations; Perkins+Will volunteered a site to conduct the research; and Center for Active Design coordinated project partners.

“Each organization and member of the research team brought unique and valuable experience to the formulation and development of the study,” said James Brewer of Steelcase.

“Our diverse team of researchers and practitioners was important to effectively execute this research project, and facilitated the faster translation of the results into our practice,” says John Haymaker, director of research at Perkins+Will.

 “Continuing research in office environments is vital to ensuring decision makers are equipped with the knowledge to implement optimal building design and operations that promote health for their employees, clients, and/or tenants,” said Joanna Frank, executive director, Center for Active Design.

The ASID Foundation supports innovative research and education that articulates knowledge and collective intelligences about how interior design impacts human behavior. The annual Transform Grant, made possible through the support of the Donghia Foundation, funds evidence‐based research projects that investigate the impact of interior design on the human experience.

"The research from this study will broaden interior design knowledge and has the potential to improve well-being in the workplace and beyond,” said Patrick Schmidt, FASID, Chair, ASID Foundation Board of Trustees.

To learn more about the ASID Foundation Transform Grant, and to review research conducted by previous grantees, visit

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About the ASID Foundation
As the leading interior design organization, the American Society of Interior Designers is dedicated to advancing the profession of interior design. The ASID Foundation supports endeavors that capture and

disseminate knowledge, encourage innovation, and benefit the health, safety, and welfare of the public through interior design research, scholarships, and education. ASID Foundation initiatives include the annual Transform Grant, an applied research grant program; a robust scholarship program; and partnerships with The 1+ and the National Building Museum. Learn more at

About the Center for Active Design
The Center for Active Design (CfAD) is the leading international non-profit organization that uses design to foster healthy and engaged communities. CfAD takes a multi-disciplinary approach to translating research into practical design solutions. CfAD guides the creation and implementation of initiatives that respond to unique community priorities and result in measurable outcomes. For more information about CfAD, please visit and follow CfAD on Twitter: @active_design.

About the Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
The Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai is committed to the prevention of diseases with environmental origins and encompasses the allied fields of occupational and preventive medicine, biostatistics, and behavioral science. Since its creation nearly 50 years ago, the department has been at the forefront of environmental health research, education, and clinical practice, leading to discoveries that have made a positive impact on millions of lives. Learn more at

About Perkins+Will’s Research Program
Perkins+Will is dedicated to innovation and the advancement of design through original research and collaboration. The firm believes that it can improve the performance of buildings and the health of our environment by taking a more in-depth look at the issues facing the design profession. The firm’s research group is led by Director of Research John Haymaker and includes a fellowship program and partnerships with academic and research institutions. In November 2011, Perkins+Will launched a new nonprofit organization, AREA Research, for the purpose of advancing design through dedicated research. The formation of this organization represents a commitment to continued long-term research efforts by Perkins+Will.

About Steelcase Inc.
For more 100 years, Steelcase Inc. has offered a comprehensive portfolio of architecture, furniture and technology products and services designed to unlock human promise and support social, economic and environmental sustainability. Steelcase is a global, industry-leading and publicly traded company with fiscal 2015 revenue of $3.1 billion.